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Understanding Eczema
恼人的湿疹

 


Eczema is a chronic skin disease that manifests itself in a variety of forms. The symptoms may vary from being mild to being extremely severe.

Eczema is common skin condition for children. In some cases as the child ages, the symptoms may be alleviated or even be completely resolved. However, others may suffer with this condition throughout their lives.

Eczema patients may experience constant or intermittent dry skin, itching or rashes. When the condition worsens, we call it "inflammation episodes." Inflammation is more common in dry weather, but may also occur in different climates.

The cause of eczema is currently still unclear. Genetics, internal pathological factors and environmental factors may be one of the triggers. Children with eczema may also have asthma or allergies (such as hay fever).
 

Signs and symptoms of eczema

The signs and symptoms of eczema may vary depending on the severity of the condition.

The signs and symptoms of eczema include:
Itchy skin, dry skin, rashes, thickened skin, redness and swelling. Symptoms may seem worse if patient has lack of sleep.

Due to the itchiness, the patient may tend to scratch the affected areas which will ultimately cause the skin tone to change. As the condition worsens, the affected area may experience fluid drainage and blistered skin.

Eczema is now a common skin disease that affects many and its causes are very complicated. In order to treat eczema, one must first understand the cause, so prevent it from recurring.
 

1. Living Habits

Most people suffer from eczema due to poor living habits. Minimize direct contact with daily products that has high chemical content. Bathe regularly at a water temperature that is suitable for you.
 

2. Allergies

Allergies are also a common contributing factor. There are many different types of allergies ranging from dust, pollen, cosmetic products and food allergies such as seafood, peanuts, etc. It is strongly encouraged for patients to have a skin prick test to understand their allergic reactions.
 

3. Dry Skin

Excessive exposure to the sun as well as hot and humid weather can also cause the aggravation of eczema.


4. Others

In some instances, Eczema may be triggered by extreme stress, nervousness, insomnia, hormonal changes and body metabolism disorder. Eczema caused by these factors is usually temporary, and can be cured quickly if it is treated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

湿疹Eczema 是一种慢性(长期)皮肤病,其表现形式多种多样。病情可能非常轻微,也可能极为严重。湿疹是儿童常见的一种皮肤病。有时儿童病患,随着年龄增长,其症状也会有所缓解,甚至完全消退。部分患儿的湿疹病情则会伴其终身。

湿疹患者会出现皮肤干痒,并可能起皮疹。病情可能时好时坏。病情加重时,我们称之为“炎症发作”。空气干燥,炎症最常发作,但在不同的气候环境也可能出现病情加重的情况。

目前尚不清楚湿疹的病因,遗传因素和内外环境因素都有可能是诱因之一。湿疹患儿也可能患有哮喘或过敏症(如花粉症)。
 

湿疹的征兆和症状

根据病情的严重程度,湿疹的征兆和症状也可能有所差异。
湿疹的征兆和症状包括:
皮肤瘙痒 ,皮肤干燥, 皮肤发红, 湿疹斑块(屑状皮疹), 睡眠不足容易促症状加剧。皮肤发痒
抓痕后,肤色发生变化,情况会更严重时,患处可能会流出透明液体,或结痂、脱屑

湿疹是现在很多人都会患上的一种常见的皮肤病,其实导致人们患上湿疹的原因有很多,而且也非常复杂。如果人们想要治疗湿疹,那么就必须了解导致自己患上湿疹的原因是什么,这样才能够从源头上着手,真正的治好湿疹,不再让它复发。
 

第一,生活习惯

大部分的人会患上湿疹都是因为自己的生活习惯不好,如果一个人想避免自己患上湿疹,就要少接触含有化学成分的用品,并且要使用自己身体能够接受的水温来洗澡、洗头和洗脸。
 

第二,过敏

除了不良的生活习惯之外,有很多人是因为过敏了之后才会出现湿疹的情况。当然,导致人们出现过敏的情况也是有很多不同的原因。有可能是吸入了空气中的粉尘、植物的花粉或者是棉花絮等等,也有可能是吃了海鲜、花生、牛肉和羊肉这样的食物,甚至还可能是接触到了化妆品和油漆这样的物品。所以人们在生活中最好能去医院进行一个过敏源的检查,避免接触会导致自己过敏的东西,这样才能够很好的预防湿疹的出现。
 

第三,皮肤过于干燥

如果一个人经常在外面晒太阳、皮肤长期处于非常干燥又或者湿热的情况,那么这个人很有可能就会出现湿疹的情况。在这样的情况下,皮肤就会变得非常痒,如果人们用手去抓,就会导致情况变得越来越严重。
 

第四,其他因素

有些人因为自己的精神比较紧张、失眠,又或者是内分泌、身体的新陈代谢出现了问题,也很有可能会出现湿疹的情况。因为这些因素而导致的湿疹都是暂时性的,只要配合医生进行治疗的话就能够很快痊愈。
 

中医对湿疹的发展与认识

《内经》最早认为湿疹的主要原因是心火太过.
张仲景认为”浸淫疮”(湿疹)是由于湿热所致,他也认为湿疹不仅与心火太过有关,而且还与外因湿热有关.这就对湿疹病因病机的认识更进了一步.

隋代不仅继承了前人的经验,而且认识到手足部慢性湿疹的病因病机是肌腠虚,风湿与血气相搏,郁于肌肤而发.突出了风邪在本病发病中的作用,并且认识到耳部湿疹的发作具有周期性.到了明代中医认识到足部的湿疹是风湿血热交感而成.《外科正宗》中记载:“儿在胎中,母食五辛,父餐炙煿,遗热于儿,生后头面遍身发为奶癣,流脂成片,睡卧不安,搔痒不绝.”可见明代已经认识到婴儿湿疹与父母的饮食有关.清代《医宗金鉴.外科心法要诀》云:“浸淫疮,初生如疥,搔痒无时,蔓延不止,抓津黄水,浸淫成片,由心火脾湿受风而成.”指出了湿疹产生的内因为心火脾湿,外因为风邪.医家基本认为手足部湿疹是由于风邪与湿热相搏于肌肤而成.

 

 

 

 

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